Posted: July 9, 2005 4 PM EDT -- Dennis HAS intensified to a category 4 Hurricane!


For the Year 2005 Coverage of Dennis Click Here


The page below contains part of our coverage of Hurricane Dennis in 1999
Hurricane Bret - Hurricane Floyd
Welcome to the Disaster Center's Hurricane Dennis page
Hurricane emergency news and notices 
Flood Risk from Hurricane Storm Surge on the Carolina Coast 
National Hurricane Center Advisory Archive Hurricane Dennis
USGS - Hurricane Dennis Impact Studies  
Coastal Services Center - Post Hurricane Dennis 1999 Missions  
Current Atlantic Satellite Image 
Current Pacific Satellite Image 
* Hurricane Prep. Fact Sheets * 
National Hurricane Center 
Hurricane Tracking Chart 
Color Hurricane Tracking Chart 
Weather Sites 
Map Hurricane Risk in United States 
Hurricane Damage to Residential Structures 
Tropical Cyclone FAQ 
How Safe is Your Home? 
Insurance: Hurricane season '97 
Naval Typhoon Warning Center 
NOAA AOML - Hurricane Research Division 
Designing for wind speed map 
The Saffir-Simpson Scale 
Insurance Q and A 
Insurance: After the water recedes 
Education Hurricanes - CotF
Hurricane Science for Kids 
NOAA's Aircraft Operations Center 
Kid's Helping Kids 
MEMA/FEMA Hurricane Preparedness 
Storm Surge 
Flood damage Information 
Floods 
Hurricane Q and A 
FEMA mitigation - Hurricanes 
FEMA - Facts About Hurricanes 
FEMA - Fact Sheet: Hurricanes 
FEMA Tropical Storm / Hurricane Info. 
Hurricane Hunters - 53 WRS 
Hurricane Animation sequences 
Miami-Dade Building Product Control 
HurricaneTracts1886-89
HurricaneTracts1890-99 
HurricaneTracts1900-09 
HurricaneTracts1910-19 
HurricaneTracts1920-29 
HurricaneTracts1930-39 
HurricaneTracts1940-49 
HurricaneTracts1950-59 
HurricaneTracts1960-69 
HurricaneTracts1970-79 
HurricaneTracts1980-89 
HurricaneTracts1990-96 
IMAGE D24703: GOES-8 <> Channels VIS @ 1 km res, IR2 @ 4 km res, IR4 @4 km res <> 09/04/99 11:15 - 22:15 UTC <> Multichannel color composite movie <> Atlantic An AVI-format movie showing Tropical Storm Dennis moving toward the coast and making landfall on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. This movie encompasses 11 hours of GOES-8 data at 15 minute intervals. OSEI customers with smaller monitors may want to increase their screen resolution to at least 800X600 and view the loop in a stand-alone viewer outside of any web browser. Movie provided in AVI (1.6 M) format.
Hurricane Dennis near the North Carolina Outer Banks - multispectral color - August 30
Hurricane Dennis along U.S. southeast coast - colorized ir - August 29
Hurricane Dennis along U.S. southeast coast - visible - August 29
Hurricane Dennis over Bahamas - multispectral color - August 27
Hurricanes Cindy and Dennis - visible - August 28
Hurricanes Cindy and Dennis - colorized IR - August 28


This image shows the effect of Dennis on reducing the surface tempertaure of the ocean.




















The Disaster Center Hurricane Reports

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
Hurricane Dennis formed over the western north Atlantic on august 24th...about 225 miles east of Turks Island and the southeastern Bahamas. After strengthening to a hurricane on the 26th...Dennis produced near-hurricane conditions at Abaco Island on the 28th. Winds increased to a peak of 105 mph later on the 28th and this intensity was maintained until early on the 30th when the hurricane was centered about 115 miles off the southeast U.S. coast.

While slowly weakening...the hurricane moved to within about 70 miles south of the North Carolina coast later on the 30th. Dennis weakened to a tropical storm on 1 September while drifting slowly and erratically roughly 100 miles east of cape Hatteras. Dennis moved southward and then northwestward...making landfall in north Carolina on the 4th with winds to 70 mph. After moving inland...Dennis was absorbed by an extratropical low over New York state on 8 September.

The first pass of Dennis on the 30th produced tropical storm conditions over coastal North Carolina. Winds to hurricane force may have occurred on the outer banks at this time. Rainfall totals reached as high as 19 inches over portions of eastern North Carolina. These rains helped set the stage for the disastrous flooding from Hurricane Floyd a couple of weeks later. Four deaths related to high surf conditions were reported in Florida. A tornado in Hampton Virginia was responsible for several serious injuries. The damage estimate for North Carolina and Virginia is 157 million dollars.

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The ER-2 Doppler radar provides a dramatic cross-section view of Hurricane Georges' eye over Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic received heavy rain during this pass, as seen in the radar image at top, and subsequent rain eventually caused significant loss of life. The rain was enhanced significantly by the  mountains
 
Cross Section
in the interior of the island. The mountains are about 2.7 km high (9000 ft) and produced what appears to be a huge thunderstorm over the mountains as shown in the blue - upward rising - moisture in the lower image. Significant research will be done to understand this very complicated interaction between Hurricane Georges and the mountains.  Credit: NASA.
The most destructive part of a hurricane is usually the storm surge. The surge effect is due to the winds of the hurricane pushing up a "dome" of water in front of the hurricane. As this surge of water hits the coastal area tides may be several tens of feet higher than normal. This wall of water works it's way up rivers to cause damage far inland. The rise in water level happens at the same time as the heavy rains associated with hurricanes. The fall of ten inches or more of rain during the hurricane is not unusual. The tidal surge and the rainfall combine to cause flooding. The damage caused by the flooding of property is the largest cost to property owners due to hurricanes. Wind damages bring about the second highest cost, due to the physical power of the hurricane. The costs due to the hurricane just start with the physical damage caused by the hurricane. The general disturbance of every day life activities in any area impacted by disaster bring about costs due to business operations being disrupted. The ability of people to work may be limited due to the shortages of the essential requirements for life, for the need to find replacement housing, for the care of family members injured or traumatized by the disaster, and for the shortage of materials essential for work. There is some delay between the disaster and the availability of funding to begin repairs. Many business within a disaster area do not reopen, because insurance may be lacking to pay for the needed repairs, and even if insurance or loans are available, they may not be enough to cover the required repairs. Damage to essential data stored in computer systems may make restarting an existing business difficult. And any disruption in a business will cause an existing business' clients to seek other suppliers, so that when the business reopens it may find itself with out it's previous patrons. Hurricanes are one disaster in which it is possible to have several days warning prior to the hurricanes arrival. As the arrival of the hurricane can be to some extent predicted, it is important to begin preparations for the hurricane as soon as we have information that it may land in a location near us. Because we can not know exactly where the hurricane will hit, it is important to listen to the local weather authorities. Local weather authorities will issue warnings and announce evacuations. Given a large scale disaster your family may be cut off from any assistance for three days. Every family should have on hand a supply of food, water, personal and medical supplies to last at least 3 days. In any disaster situation it is possible that utilities will not be functioning. For this reason, you should keep on hand a supply of cash and a full tank of fuel in any vehicle. If we live in an area that has a history hurricanes, we can and should begin our preparations for hurricanes long before we receive any notification. Consult local building authorities about any improvements that may be made to your house to lesson the likelihood of damage to the structure. The biggest factor in determining the likelihood of your properties ability to withstand damage due to winds is the date of its construction. In recent years building codes have been upgraded. As a general rule, the older the property the more likely it is to sustain damage in a disaster. Walk around the outside of your property. Inspect the trees and landscaping for objects likely to fall or to be blown away by the winds associated with a hurricane. Consider purchasing storm shutters or pre-purchasing the supplies needed to protect windows from storm damage. Since water damage is the biggest cause of property damage in a disaster you should examine the possibly of purchasing flood insurance. Just because you are outside of the recognized flood zones does not mean your home will not be flooded. The cost of reparing damage due to flooding is not normally covered by most home owners policies, but is the biggest single cause of property damage.

The States Pages include the most complete reference on the net today about State and local disaster information as well as links to State government information and Newspapers in the State

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Atlantic Hurricane Names for 1999


Hurricane Arlene Hurricane Bret Hurricane Cindy Hurricane Dennis Hurricane Emily Hurricane Floyd Hurricane Gert Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Irene Hurricane Jose Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Lenny Hurricane Maria Hurricane Nate Hurricane Ophelia Hurricane Philippe Hurricane Rita Hurricane Stan Hurricane Tammy Hurricane Vince Hurricane Wilma