Hurricane Floyd Reports

Hurricane Cindy - Hurricane Dennis - Hurricane Emily - Hurricane Floyd - Hurricane Gert - Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Irene
Disaster Center Year 2000 Hurricane Index Page
The Rothstein Catalogue!
Welcome to the Disaster Center's Hurricane Floyd page

Hurricane Floyd Tracking Map
North Carolina Hurricane Floyd Disaster Recovery Centers

Evidence of the severe flooding in eastern North Carolina and southeastern Virginia This is a large file which shows two satellite images of the area, before and after Hurricane Floyd
NEW -- Hurricane Floyd Gif Animation As it approaches the coast of Florida through it's passage to New England From Sept. 14th to Sept. 17th 1999 -- Large file over 1,700 KB
Hurricane emergency news and notices 
Hurricane Hunters Eye to Eye with Floyd  
National Hurricane Center Advisory Archive Hurricane Floyd  
Coastal Services Center - Post Hurricane Floyd 1999 Missions  
Animals in Disaster -- Lost and Found Livestock and Pets 
Disaster Relocation Message Forum. 
Health and Welfare Inquiry Message Forum. 
Standard Family Disaster Plan. 
Hurricanes Preparation Page. 
Community Hurricane Preparedness. 
Illustration Showing Flooding potentail with a 15 foot tidal surge At Corpus Christi And South 
Current Atlantic Satellite Image 
Current Pacific Satellite Image 
* Hurricane Prep. Fact Sheets * 
National Hurricane Center 
Hurricane Tracking Chart 
Color Hurricane Tracking Chart 
Weather Sites 
Map Hurricane Risk in United States 
Hurricane Damage to Residential Structures 
Tropical Cyclone FAQ 
How Safe is Your Home? 
Insurance: Hurricane season '97 
NOAA AOML - Hurricane Research Division 
Designing for wind speed map 
The Saffir-Simpson Scale 
Insurance Q and A 
Insurance: After the water recedes 
Education Hurricanes - CotF
Hurricane Science for Kids 
NOAA's Aircraft Operations Center 
Kid's Helping Kids 
MEMA/FEMA Hurricane Preparedness 
Storm Surge 
Flood damage Information 
Hurricane Q and A 
FEMA mitigation - Hurricanes 
FEMA - Facts About Hurricanes 
FEMA - Fact Sheet: Hurricanes 
FEMA Tropical Storm / Hurricane Info. 
Hurricane Hunters - 53 WRS 
Hurricane Animation sequences 
Miami-Dade Building Product Control 
"Official" North Carolina Hurricane Relief Information

North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance

The Disaster Center is a partner with CASI - Central Atlantic Storm Investigators. CASI is a group of over a thousand amateur and professional meteorologists, storm spotters, and weather observers from around the world dedicated to the observation and documentation of weather events

Animated Graphic showing possible Flooding from Storm Surge on the East Coast of Florida from Dayton To Stuart 600 KB file
Hurricane Floyd MPEG movie (~4.1Mb) of Floyd moving toward the NC/SC coastline
Tropical Storm Floyd heading into New England late in the day - Sept 16
Hurricane Floyd tracking inland over NC southeast coast - Sept 16
Hurricane Floyd - same image as above but closer view
Hurricane Floyd - view of storm in color enhanced water vapor channel - Sept 16
Hurricane Floyd - shortly after landfall along North Carolina coast - Sept 16
Hurricane Floyd - threatening U.S. southeast coast - Sept 15
Hurricane Floyd - over Bahamas on morning of Sept 14
Hurricane Floyd centered over Abaco Island afternoon of Sept 14
Hurricane Floyd - afternoon view of powerful Floyd (cat 4) in Bahamas - Sept 13
Hurricane Floyd as cat 4 hurricane in Bahamas from GOES - colorized ir image - Sept 13
Hurricane Floyd - same image as above but broader view - Sept 13
Hurricane Floyd - morning view of powerful Floyd (cat 4) approaching Bahamas - Sept 13
Hurricane Floyd - impressive sunset image of Floyd approaching Bahamas - Sept 12

NCDC -- Climate-Watch, September 1999
Good Floyd Report

Magellan 990437 GPS 315 12 Channel GPS Navigator:

List Price: $209.99
Our Price: $134.99
You Save: $75.00 (36%)
Availability: Usually ships within 24 hours.
Features: Display: High-resolution, high-contrast, backlit electroluminescent display
Resolution: 104 x 160
Receiver: 12 channels
Acquisition time: 15 seconds, warm; 1 minute, cold (under ideal conditions)
Update rate: 1 second, continuous

Hurricane Dennis timeseries (1999 August-September)
QuickTime movies, 1.5-1.9MB each

- 1999 August 28, morning
- 1999 August 28, evening
- 1999 August 29, morning
- 1999 September 1, morning

Hurricane Floyd first became a tropical depression on September 7th over the tropical Atlantic ocean about 1000 miles east of the Lesser Antilles. The strengthening tropical cyclone moved on a general west-northwest heading for several days...and reached its peak intensity of 155 mph...a strong category four...on the 13th while centered about 300 miles east of the central Bahamas. The eye of Floyd moved directly over Eleuthera and Abaco of the Bahamas on the 14th as the intensity of the hurricane was fluctuating between category three and four. As Floyd moved through the northwest Bahama Islands it began to parallel the southeast U.S. coast as it curved toward the north-northwest and then toward the north on the 15th. Gradually weakening...Floyd passed just over 100 miles east of the Florida coast. The hurricane made landfall on the 16th near Cape Fear North Carolina with category two winds of 105 mph. After crossing eastern North Carolina and Virginia...Floyd weakened to a tropical storm. Its center moved offshore along the coasts of the Delmarva Peninsula and New Jersey...and then on the 17th Floyd moved over Long Island and New England where it became extratropical.

Rainfall totals from Floyd were high. These rains combined with saturated ground water levels from previous rain events...including hurricane produce an inland flood disaster. In addition to one person killed in the Bahamas...there were 56 deaths in the United States...mostly due to drowning from fresh water floods. This makes Floyd the deadliest U.S. hurricane since Agnes of 1972. Rainfall totals were as high as 15 to 20 inches over portions of eastern north Carolina and Virginia...12 to 14 inches over portions of Maryland...Delaware...and New Jersey...4 to 7 inches over eastern Pennsylvania and southeastern New York...and up to 11 inches over portions of New England. Storm surge water levels reached as high as 9 to 10 feet above normal tide levels along the North Carolina coast. Total damage estimates range from three to over six billion dollars.

Floyd passed relatively close to the entire U.S. east coast...requiring hurricane warnings from south Florida to Massachusetts...excluding the New York City metropolitan area...which was under a tropical storm warning. The last hurricane to require warnings for as large a stretch of coastline was Hurricane Donna in 1960. In probably the largest evacuation in U.S. estimated two million people were evacuated for Floyd.
The Disaster Center's 1999 Hurricane Message Board

The Disaster Center's State Pages of States affected by this disaster
Connecticut - Delaware
Florida - Georgia - Maryland - Massachusetts - New Jersey - New York - North Carolina - Pennsylvania - Rhode Island - South Carolina - Virginia -
The Disaster Center's Message Boards of States affected by this Disaster. Here you will find official notices which we have access to regarding the disaster.
Connecticut - Delaware - Florida - Georgia - Massachusetts - Maryland - North Carolina - New Jersey - New York - Pennsylvania - Rhode Island - South Carolina - Virginia : 

Hurricane Floyd Relief Photo's Hurricane Floyd originated in the eastern Atlantic and then crossed the Ocean by passing the Leeward Islands and making it's biggest impact on the Bahamas. Where it's eye passed over several of the islands. At that point it was a category 4 hurricane and it continued it's direct path towards Florida.

There was at that time a belief that the hurricane might change it's path as it encountered a trough of air coming looping down from Canada. There was a great danger, however if the theory was wrong, that a great deal of destruction would occur in central Florida. While later Hurricane Floyd would cause great damage to the States it encountered. The potential damage to central Florida dwarfed the damage that Floyd in fact later did cause. A decision was made to evacuate a portion of the coast. This decision was criticized after the hurricane later did turn away from the coast of central Florida.

Yet, if the decision to evacuate "early" can be criticized then the example of the decision to evacuate South Carolina "late" provided the perfect counter point. As the hurricane engaged in it's turn it lost some of it's power. The hurricane was not only turned away from it's path towards central Florida, but the force of the trough of air was sufficient to cause the path of the hurricane to be turned 90 degrees, and caused the eye to pass over the coast of North Carolina.

At this point it seemed to many that this hurricane which had brought words of dire warning from Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina was a nonevent. The Disaster Center even got a message from a nonprofit relief organization that it was deactivating it's preparation for response to the disaster.

We are just now learning about the scope of the damage that occurred in North Carolina. The damage that occurred as Hurricane Floyd continued through the mid Atlantic and Northern Atlantic coastal States is just a shadow of the potential damage that it would have caused in central Florida.

A great deal is learned from each of these hurricanes that impact the United States. The importance of cleaning storm drains before the Hurricane season should now be a lesson that is being learned by the people in the mid Atlantic and northern coastal communities. And every time we, at the Disaster Center, provide coverage of a disaster we learn a little better about how to provide information in the future.

The lesson we would like for you to consider is that, a hurricane can make landfall anywhere on the East and Gulf Coast of the United States. Where it makes it's impact on the coast, the potential for damage to property and lives is beyond anything, that but a few can imagine who have experienced such an event. This time a few people in North Carolina learned the lesson about the danger and risk. Some spent days on top of their houses as they awaited rescue. And the truth is that it could have been much, much worse.
A brief summary of the impacts:

North Carolina: 51 deaths; 7000 homes destroyed; 17,000 homes uninhabitable; 56,000 homes damaged; most roads east of I-95 flooded; Tar River crests 24 feet above flood stage; over 1500 people rescued from flooded areas; over 500,000 customers without electricity at some point; 10,000 people housed in temporary shelters; much of Duplin and Greene Counties under water; severe agricultural damage throughout eastern NC; "Nothing since the Civil War has been as destructive to families here," says H. David Bruton, the state's Secretary of Health and Human Services...."The recovery process will be much longer than the water-going-down process"; Wilmington reports new 24-hour station rainfall record (128 year record) with 13.38 inches and over 19 inches for the event.
South Carolina: 1 death; over 1000 homes flooded; Myrtle Beach reports 24-hour rainfall of 14.00 inches.
Virginia: 4 deaths; over 280,000 customers without electricity at some point; 9-12 feet of water in downtown Franklin; 5000 homes damaged.
Maryland: 1 death; over 250,000 customers without electricity at some point.
Pennsylvania: 8 deaths; over 410,000 customers without electricity at some point; over 4000 homeless; 2000 homes and businesses damaged.
New Jersey: 4 deaths; over 650,000 customers without electricity at some point.
New York: 2 deaths; over 80,000 customers without electricity at some point.
Delaware: 2 deaths; over 200,000 customers without electricity at some point.
The following states have reported one death each: Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont.
The Bahamas also reported 1 death with severe damage on Abaco, Cat, San Salvador, and Eleuthera Islands.

Aid and Recovery:
Congress approved $2.2 billion in aid during 1999, and the NC state legislature approved $836 million during 1999. In addition, FEMA has thus far spent $1.05 billion for aid, and the U.S. Small Business Administration has spent $459 million. Thus far in 2000, $347 million in supplemental requests have been submitted.

Spatial Comparison of Hurricanes Floyd and Andrew
These images were taken when Floyd and Andrew were nearly at the same location. Floyd is at least twice as large as Andrew; however, both hurricanes were Category 4 storms with sustained winds around 120 kts and a central pressure of about 933mb.
(Click on the image for a larger view)

Impact Of Hurricane Floyd On Sea Surface Temperatures
The Disaster Center Huricane Message Board

E-mail us your Hurricane reports


On the scene reports links to local information

Hurricane Bonnie Satellite images
Tropical Storm Earl Satellite images

Hurricane Bulletin Board: For the latest Advisories -- Emergency related news and notices
Volunteer opportunities through the Disaster Center
Disaster Center Bulletin Board Directory
The ER-2 Doppler radar provides a dramatic cross-section view of Hurricane Georges' eye over Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic received heavy rain during this pass, as seen in the radar image at top, and subsequent rain eventually caused significant loss of life. The rain was enhanced significantly by the  mountains
Cross Section
in the interior of the island. The mountains are about 2.7 km high (9000 ft) and produced what appears to be a huge thunderstorm over the mountains as shown in the blue - upward rising - moisture in the lower image. Significant research will be done to understand this very complicated interaction between Hurricane Georges and the mountains.  Credit: NASA.
The most destructive part of a hurricane is usually the storm surge. The surge effect is due to the winds of the hurricane pushing up a "dome" of water in front of the hurricane. As this surge of water hits the coastal area tides may be several tens of feet higher than normal. This wall of water works it's way up rivers to cause damage far inland. The rise in water level happens at the same time as the heavy rains associated with hurricanes. The fall of ten inches or more of rain during the hurricane is not unusual. The tidal surge and the rainfall combine to cause flooding. The damage caused by the flooding of property is the largest cost to property owners due to hurricanes. Wind damages bring about the second highest cost, due to the physical power of the hurricane. The costs due to the hurricane just start with the physical damage caused by the hurricane. The general disturbance of every day life activities in any area impacted by disaster bring about costs due to business operations being disrupted. The ability of people to work may be limited due to the shortages of the essential requirements for life, for the need to find replacement housing, for the care of family members injured or traumatized by the disaster, and for the shortage of materials essential for work. There is some delay between the disaster and the availability of funding to begin repairs. Many business within a disaster area do not reopen, because insurance may be lacking to pay for the needed repairs, and even if insurance or loans are available, they may not be enough to cover the required repairs. Damage to essential data stored in computer systems may make restarting an existing business difficult. And any disruption in a business will cause an existing business' clients to seek other suppliers, so that when the business reopens it may find itself with out it's previous patrons. Hurricanes are one disaster in which it is possible to have several days warning prior to the hurricanes arrival. As the arrival of the hurricane can be to some extent predicted, it is important to begin preparations for the hurricane as soon as we have information that it may land in a location near us. Because we can not know exactly where the hurricane will hit, it is important to listen to the local weather authorities. Local weather authorities will issue warnings and announce evacuations. Given a large scale disaster your family may be cut off from any assistance for three days. Every family should have on hand a supply of food, water, personal and medical supplies to last at least 3 days. In any disaster situation it is possible that utilities will not be functioning. For this reason, you should keep on hand a supply of cash and a full tank of fuel in any vehicle. If we live in an area that has a history hurricanes, we can and should begin our preparations for hurricanes long before we receive any notification. Consult local building authorities about any improvements that may be made to your house to lesson the likelihood of damage to the structure. The biggest factor in determining the likelihood of your properties ability to withstand damage due to winds is the date of its construction. In recent years building codes have been upgraded. As a general rule, the older the property the more likely it is to sustain damage in a disaster. Walk around the outside of your property. Inspect the trees and landscaping for objects likely to fall or to be blown away by the winds associated with a hurricane. Consider purchasing storm shutters or pre-purchasing the supplies needed to protect windows from storm damage. Since water damage is the biggest cause of property damage in a disaster you should examine the possibly of purchasing flood insurance. Just because you are outside of the recognized flood zones does not mean your home will not be flooded. The cost of reparing damage due to flooding is not normally covered by most home owners policies, but is the biggest single cause of property damage.

The States Pages include the most complete reference on the net today about State and local disaster information as well as links to State government information and Newspapers in the State
Back to the Disaster Center
About the Disaster Center
Advertising at the Disaster Center
Web Page Design
North Carolina's Hurricane History   Our Price: $15.16 - Barnes Jay, Jay Barnes; Paperback
1938 Hurricane : An Historical and Pictorial Summary  Our Price: $22.50 - Minsinge; Paperback
The Dragon's Breath : Hurricane at Sea  Robert A., Jr. Dawes / Hardcover / Published 1996 Our Price: $35.00
Florida Hurricanes and Tropical Storms  John M. Williams, et al / Paperback / Published 1997 Our Price: $10.36
Hurricane (A Disaster! Book)   Christopher Lampton / Paperback / Published 1994 Our Price: $5.95
Hurricane (Event-Based Science Series)   Russell G. Wright / Paperback / Published 1995 Our Price: $12.58
Hurricane : A Fighter Legend   John Dibbs, et al / Paperback / Published 1995 Our Price: $15.95
Hurricane Andrew : Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters   Walter Gillis Peacock (Editor), et al / Hardcover / Published 1997  Our Price: $110.00
Hurricane Andrew, the Public Schools and the Rebuilding of Community (Suny Series, Education and Culture)   Eugene F., Jr. Provenzo, Sandra H. Fradd / Paperback / Published 1995 Our Price: $14.95
The Hurricane Handbook : A Practical Guide for Residents of the Hurricane Belt    Sharon Maddux Carpenter, Toni Garcia Carpenter / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $9.95
Hurricane Hugo : Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and South Carolina : September 17-22, 1989 (Natural Disasters Studies, Vol 6)    Riley M. Chung (Editor), Committee On National Research Council / Paperback / Published 1994 Our Price: $39.00
Hurricanes (Nature Books)    Peter Murray / Library Binding / Published 1996 Our Price: $22.79
Hurricanes : How to Prepare and Recover  The Miami Herald / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $7.96
Lunatic Wind : Surviving the Storm of the Century    William Price Fox / Hardcover / Published 1992 Our Price: $18.95
Storm Chaser : Into the Eye of a Hurricane (Risky Business (Woodbridge, Conn.).)    Keith Elliot Greenberg, et al / Library Binding / Published 1997 Our Price: $15.45
After the Hurricane (Atlantic Large Print)  Jean S. MacLeod / Paperback / Published 1989 Our Price: $14.95 (Special Order)
After the Hurricane : Linking Recovery to Sustainable Development in the Caribbean Timothy Beatley, Philip R. Berke / Hardcover / Published 1998 Our Price: $49.95 (Back Ordered)
Before and After Hurricane Andrew 1992  Noorina Mirza, Masud Quaraishy Photographer) / Paperback / Published 1992 Our Price: $25.00 (Special Order)
Building Performance - Hurricane Iniki in Hawaii : Observations, Recommendations and Technical Guidance  Na / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $50.00 (Special Order)
Building Performance, Hurricane Andrew in Florida : Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance  Na / Paperback / Published 1994 Our Price: $35.00 (Special Order)
Coastal Exposure & Community Protection : Hurricane Andrew's Legacy  Insurance Institute for Property Loss Reduction Staff (Editor) / Paperback / Published 1995 Our Price: $10.00 + $0.85 special surcharge (Special Order)
Complete Hurricane Survival Guide    Lee Shaw / Hardcover / Published 1993 Our Price: $9.95 + $0.85 special surcharge (Special Order)
Dark Wind : A True Account of Hurricane Gloria's Assault on Fire Island (Stonewall Inn Edition)    John Jiler / Paperback / Published 1994 Our Price: $11.95<
Dealing With Disaster : Hurricane Response in Fiji John R. Campbell / Paperback / Published 1984  Our Price: $9.00 + $0.85 special surcharge (Special Order)
Disaster Recovery After Hurricane Hugo in South Carolina/Wp69  Popkin / Paperback / Published 1991  Our Price: $6.85 (Special Order)
Eye of a Hurricane : Stories    Ruthann Robson / Hardcover / Published 1989 Our Price: $18.95 (Back Ordered)
Eye of the Hurricane   Jane Atkins / Paperback / Published 1983 Our Price: $1.95 + $3.35 special surcharge (Special Order)
Fema's Disaster Management Program : A Performance Audit After Hurricane Andrew Paperback / Published 1993  Our Price: $45.00 (Special Order)
Florida's Hurricane History  Jay Barnes, Neil Frank / Paperback / Published 1998 Our Price: $15.96 (Not Yet Published -- On Order)
Hurricane! : Surviving the Big One  Michael Trinkley / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $12.00 (Back Ordered)
Hurricane Opal:Live on Video  VHS Tape / Published 1996  Our Price: $16.99
After the Hurricane  National Geographic / VHS Tape / Published 1998 Our Price: $69.00 (Special Order)
Raging Planet:Hurricane  Discovery Channel / VHS Tape / Published 1998 Our Price: $12.73
Hurricane  Nova / VHS Tape / Published 1997 Our Price: $16.99
Hurricane   Mia Farrow / VHS Tape / Published 1987 Our Price: $12.71
Hurricane   Dorothy Lamour / VHS Tape / Published 1992 Our Price: $12.73
Hurricane Express John Wayne / VHS Tape / Published 1987 Our Price: $8.49

Atlantic Hurricane Names for 1999

Hurricane Arlene Hurricane Floyd Hurricane Cindy Hurricane Dennis Hurricane Emily Hurricane Floyd Hurricane Gert Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Irene Hurricane Jose Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Lenny Hurricane Maria Hurricane Nate Hurricane Ophelia Hurricane Philippe Hurricane Rita Hurricane Stan Hurricane Tammy Hurricane Vince Hurricane Wilma