Hurricane Jose Reports Preparedness, Insurance, Information

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Hurricane Jose developed from a tropical depression that formed about 700 miles east of the Windward Islands on October 17th. As the system moved west-northwestward to northwestward it quickly became a tropical storm and then a hurricane on the 19th...when it was located 150 miles east of the Leeward Islands. Jose moved over the northern Leeward Islands on the 20th and very early on the 21st...with the center passing over Antigua and near St. Maarten. Its maximum winds reached 100 mph. Sustained winds of 80 and 75 mph were reported from Antigua and St. Maarten...respectively. Jose weakened to a tropical storm and moved across the British Virgin Islands on the morning of the 21st. After passing within 50 miles northeast of the eastern tip of Puerto Rico...the storm turned north-northeastward and moved across the central north Atlantic for the next several days. It briefly re-attained hurricane status on the 24th while passing some 300 miles east of Bermuda. Jose lost tropical characteristics on the 25th several hundred miles south of Newfoundland.

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The ER-2 Doppler radar provides a dramatic cross-section view of Hurricane Georges' eye over Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic received heavy rain during this pass, as seen in the radar image at top, and subsequent rain eventually caused significant loss of life. The rain was enhanced significantly by the  mountains
Cross Section
in the interior of the island. The mountains are about 2.7 km high (9000 ft) and produced what appears to be a huge thunderstorm over the mountains as shown in the blue - upward rising - moisture in the lower image. Significant research will be done to understand this very complicated interaction between Hurricane Georges and the mountains.  Credit: NASA.
The most destructive part of a hurricane is usually the storm surge. The surge effect is due to the winds of the hurricane pushing up a "dome" of water in front of the hurricane. As this surge of water hits the coastal area tides may be several tens of feet higher than normal. This wall of water works it's way up rivers to cause damage far inland. The rise in water level happens at the same time as the heavy rains associated with hurricanes. The fall of ten inches or more of rain during the hurricane is not unusual. The tidal surge and the rainfall combine to cause flooding. The damage caused by the flooding of property is the largest cost to property owners due to hurricanes. Wind damages bring about the second highest cost, due to the physical power of the hurricane. The costs due to the hurricane just start with the physical damage caused by the hurricane. The general disturbance of every day life activities in any area impacted by disaster bring about costs due to business operations being disrupted. The ability of people to work may be limited due to the shortages of the essential requirements for life, for the need to find replacement housing, for the care of family members injured or traumatized by the disaster, and for the shortage of materials essential for work. There is some delay between the disaster and the availability of funding to begin repairs. Many business within a disaster area do not reopen, because insurance may be lacking to pay for the needed repairs, and even if insurance or loans are available, they may not be enough to cover the required repairs. Damage to essential data stored in computer systems may make restarting an existing business difficult. And any disruption in a business will cause an existing business' clients to seek other suppliers, so that when the business reopens it may find itself with out it's previous patrons. Hurricanes are one disaster in which it is possible to have several days warning prior to the hurricanes arrival. As the arrival of the hurricane can be to some extent predicted, it is important to begin preparations for the hurricane as soon as we have information that it may land in a location near us. Because we can not know exactly where the hurricane will hit, it is important to listen to the local weather authorities. Local weather authorities will issue warnings and announce evacuations. Given a large scale disaster your family may be cut off from any assistance for three days. Every family should have on hand a supply of food, water, personal and medical supplies to last at least 3 days. In any disaster situation it is possible that utilities will not be functioning. For this reason, you should keep on hand a supply of cash and a full tank of fuel in any vehicle. If we live in an area that has a history hurricanes, we can and should begin our preparations for hurricanes long before we receive any notification. Consult local building authorities about any improvements that may be made to your house to lesson the likelihood of damage to the structure. The biggest factor in determining the likelihood of your properties ability to withstand damage due to winds is the date of its construction. In recent years building codes have been upgraded. As a general rule, the older the property the more likely it is to sustain damage in a disaster. Walk around the outside of your property. Inspect the trees and landscaping for objects likely to fall or to be blown away by the winds associated with a hurricane. Consider purchasing storm shutters or pre-purchasing the supplies needed to protect windows from storm damage. Since water damage is the biggest cause of property damage in a disaster you should examine the possibly of purchasing flood insurance. Just because you are outside of the recognized flood zones does not mean your home will not be flooded. The cost of reparing damage due to flooding is not normally covered by most home owners policies, but is the biggest single cause of property damage.

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North Carolina's Hurricane History   Our Price: $15.16 - Barnes Jay, Jay Barnes; Paperback
1938 Hurricane : An Historical and Pictorial Summary  Our Price: $22.50 - Minsinge; Paperback
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Hurricane Andrew : Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters   Walter Gillis Peacock (Editor), et al / Hardcover / Published 1997  Our Price: $110.00
Hurricane Andrew, the Public Schools and the Rebuilding of Community (Suny Series, Education and Culture)   Eugene F., Jr. Provenzo, Sandra H. Fradd / Paperback / Published 1995 Our Price: $14.95
The Hurricane Handbook : A Practical Guide for Residents of the Hurricane Belt    Sharon Maddux Carpenter, Toni Garcia Carpenter / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $9.95
Hurricane Hugo : Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and South Carolina : September 17-22, 1989 (Natural Disasters Studies, Vol 6)    Riley M. Chung (Editor), Committee On National Research Council / Paperback / Published 1994 Our Price: $39.00
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Lunatic Wind : Surviving the Storm of the Century    William Price Fox / Hardcover / Published 1992 Our Price: $18.95
Storm Chaser : Into the Eye of a Hurricane (Risky Business (Woodbridge, Conn.).)    Keith Elliot Greenberg, et al / Library Binding / Published 1997 Our Price: $15.45
After the Hurricane (Atlantic Large Print)  Jean S. MacLeod / Paperback / Published 1989 Our Price: $14.95 (Special Order)
After the Hurricane : Linking Recovery to Sustainable Development in the Caribbean Timothy Beatley, Philip R. Berke / Hardcover / Published 1998 Our Price: $49.95 (Back Ordered)
Before and After Hurricane Andrew 1992  Noorina Mirza, Masud Quaraishy Photographer) / Paperback / Published 1992 Our Price: $25.00 (Special Order)
Building Performance - Hurricane Iniki in Hawaii : Observations, Recommendations and Technical Guidance  Na / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $50.00 (Special Order)
Building Performance, Hurricane Andrew in Florida : Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance  Na / Paperback / Published 1994 Our Price: $35.00 (Special Order)
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Complete Hurricane Survival Guide    Lee Shaw / Hardcover / Published 1993 Our Price: $9.95 + $0.85 special surcharge (Special Order)
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Dealing With Disaster : Hurricane Response in Fiji John R. Campbell / Paperback / Published 1984  Our Price: $9.00 + $0.85 special surcharge (Special Order)
Disaster Recovery After Hurricane Hugo in South Carolina/Wp69  Popkin / Paperback / Published 1991  Our Price: $6.85 (Special Order)
Eye of a Hurricane : Stories    Ruthann Robson / Hardcover / Published 1989 Our Price: $18.95 (Back Ordered)
Eye of the Hurricane   Jane Atkins / Paperback / Published 1983 Our Price: $1.95 + $3.35 special surcharge (Special Order)
Fema's Disaster Management Program : A Performance Audit After Hurricane Andrew Paperback / Published 1993  Our Price: $45.00 (Special Order)
Florida's Hurricane History  Jay Barnes, Neil Frank / Paperback / Published 1998 Our Price: $15.96 (Not Yet Published -- On Order)
Hurricane! : Surviving the Big One  Michael Trinkley / Paperback / Published 1993 Our Price: $12.00 (Back Ordered)
Hurricane Opal:Live on Video  VHS Tape / Published 1996  Our Price: $16.99
After the Hurricane  National Geographic / VHS Tape / Published 1998 Our Price: $69.00 (Special Order)
Raging Planet:Hurricane  Discovery Channel / VHS Tape / Published 1998 Our Price: $12.73
Hurricane  Nova / VHS Tape / Published 1997 Our Price: $16.99
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Hurricane   Dorothy Lamour / VHS Tape / Published 1992 Our Price: $12.73
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Atlantic Hurricane Names for 1999

Hurricane Arlene Hurricane Bret Hurricane Cindy Hurricane Dennis Hurricane Jose Hurricane Floyd Hurricane Gert Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Irene Hurricane Jose Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Lenny Hurricane Maria Hurricane Nate Hurricane Ophelia Hurricane Philippe Hurricane Rita Hurricane Stan Hurricane Tammy Hurricane Vince Hurricane Wilma