Horizontally across the page are the categories. Vertically along the left side are the states the categories apply to.
State = the State the crimes took place in. Population = the population of the state as estimated by the US Census Bureau. The crime and inmate rates are both per 100,000 people for the year. Index = the total number of reported crimes per 100,000 people for the year. Violent Crime = the total number for each of the violent crime categories per 100,000 people for the year. Property Crime = the total number of the property crime categories per 100,000 people for the year. The same applies for each of the crime categories: Murder - Rape - Robbery - Assault - Burglary - Larceny - Auto.
For the Years 1978 to present there are three more categories. The Inmate category = the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state or federal correctional authorities, on December 31. New Index * = Developed by the Disaster Center to examine how punishment is being applied to crimes. The old index measured all crime equally. One violent crime was equal to one property crime. There are about ten times more property crimes than violent crimes. Half of people are imprisoned for violent crime and half for non-violent crime. To make things relatively equal, we divided property crimes by ten and added that total to the number of reported violent crimes to create the new index. . Index/ Inmates = We divide the new crime index by the number of prisoners reported for each year to compare crime to punishment each year between the states and over the years.For the table below we ranked each category with the highest rate ranking 1 and the lowest ranking 50.
compare reported crimes and imprisonment rates for every 100,000 people
year in the 50 United States and rank each State's crime/imprisonment
compare crime to punishment we created a new crime index* and divided
index by the ratio of inmates to crimes of each state, as reported to
of Justice Statistics.
In an important new way, this table links crime to
and between the States. The
crime index is made up of the total crimes committed in each State. The
problem with the old index is that it
provides equal weight to every crime and far more property
committed than violent crimes.
violent criminals make up about half the prison
about ten times more property crimes are
committed than violent crimes, for the
new index* we divided the number of property crimes by ten and
added to that the number of violent crimes to make up the new index*.
Rate Per 100,000 and Rank by State of Crime by US States 1960 - 1977
1960 * 1961 * 1962 * 1963 * 1964 * 1965 * 1966 * 1967 * 1968 * 1969 * 1970 * 1971 * 1972 * 1973 * 1974 * 1975 * 1976 * 1977 *
Rate Per 100,000 and Rank by State of Crime and Imprisonment by US States 1978 - 2012